IMRC 2017

XXVI International Materials Research Congress

Sociedad Mexicana de Materiales

Scientific Program

Science, Technology and Society Lecture

August 22, 17:30 hrs.

Prof. Orlando Auciello

Departments of Materials Science and Engineering and Bioengineering.
The University of Texas at Dallas


Auciello graduated with M.S. (1973) and Ph.D (1976) degrees in Physics from the Physics Institute “Dr. Balseiro” (Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Argentina). Electronic Engineering at the University of Córdoba-Argentina (1964-1970).

Auciello was Postdoc at MacMaster University-Canada (1976-1979), Researcher at the University of Toronto-Canada (1979-1984), Associate Professor at North Carolina State University (1985-1988), Senior Research Scientist at the Microelectronics Center of North Carolina (1988-1996), Senior Scientist at Argonne National Laboratory (1996-2005), and Distinguished Argonne Fellow (2005-2012). He is an Adjunct Professor at University of Colorado-Colorado Springs and Michigan State University.

Auciello is directing basic and applied research programs on different fields, involving multi-component/multifunctional  oxide thin films and application to systems and devices (ferroelectric memories, resistive change memories, nanoscale CMOS devices, photovoltaic energy generation / storage devices, high-frequency devices, piezoelectric thin films for MEMS/NEMS sensors and actuators); and nanocarbon thin films (ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) and graphene films) and applications to industrial, electronics, MEMS/NEMS, and implantable medical devices).

The UNCD film technology is now commercialized for industrial components and systems by Advanced Diamond Technologies (ADT), a Company founded by Auciello and Carlisle, spun-off from Argonne in 2003 (Profitable in 2014), and by Original Biomedical Implants (OBI-USA), a Company founded by Auciello and Gurman (MD) in 2013, and OBI-Mexico (company co-founded by O. Auciello and J.L. Rubio (Hermosillo-Mexico), January 2016) commercializing a new generation of UNCD-coated implantable medical devices and medical treatments based on nanotechnology.

Auciello has edited 20 books on various topics, published about 500 articles in the fields described above, holds 20 patents, and organized, chaired, and lectured at numerous national and international conferences. He is associate editor of Appl. Phys. Lett., Integrated Ferroelectrics, and editor of two book series on thin films and applications to devices (Academic Press). He was member of the Materials Research Society (MRS) Board of Directors (2000-2003), Co-Chair MRS International Relations Committee, Vice President of the MRS in 2012, President in 2013, and Past President in 2014.

He has numerous Awards, including seven R&D 100 Awards, 2003 Hispanic Engineering National Achievement Award, 2006 Federation of National Laboratories Award, 2008 University of Chicago Distinguished Performance Award, Dr. “Honoris Causa”-Universidad Nacional de Córdoba-Argentina, and Fellow of the AAAS and MRS.


Science and Technology of Multifunctional Oxide and Ultrananocrystalline Diamond (UNCD) Films and Applications to a New Generation of Multifunctional Industrial, High-Tech and Medical Devices

New paradigm multifunctional oxide and nanocarbon films are providing the bases for new physics, materials science and chemistry, and making impacts in a new generation of multifunctional industrial, high-tech, micro/nano-electronics and biomedical devices. This talk focus on reviewing the science, technology, and engineering of multifunctional oxide and nanocarbon films and applications to a new generation of multifunctional devices/system, as described below:

  1. 1. Science and technology of complex oxide thin films and application to key technologies:
  • • Novel TiO2/Al2O3 superlattices, exhibiting giant dielectric constant (up to k=1000), low leakage current (10-7-10-9 A/cm2) and low losses (≤ tangd = 0.04), based on new physics underlined by the Maxwell-Wagner relaxation mechanism, are enabling a new generation of microchip-embedded capacitors implantable in the human body, the next generation of gates for nanoscale CMOS devices, and super-capacitors for energy storage systems.
  • • Novel BiFeO3/SrTiO3/BiFeO3 nanolaminates (BSB-NL) have recently been shown to exhibit two orders of magnitude lower leakage current (from 10-5 A/cm2 to 10-7 A/cm2) and ≥ 5x high piezoresponse than stochiometric BFO films. The strained state of the BFO films jointly with the chemical/crystallographic state of the BFO/STO interface contribute to the high values of piezoresponse and low leakage current observed in the BSB-NLs. BSB-NL are being integrated with ultrananoacrystalline diamond (UNCD) films described below to develop a new generation of implantable biosensors and piezoelectrically actuated MEMS drug delivery devices.

  1. 2. Science and technology of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) films and integration for fabrication of a new generation of industrial, high tech and biomedical devices:

R&D on novel multifunctional nanocarbon thin films are providing the bases for new physics, materials science and chemistry. This part of the talk will focus on discussing a new paradigm material, named ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD), in thin film form, and its integration into a new generation of industrial, high tech, and medical devices and implants as described below:

UNCD films, co-developed and patented by O. Auciello and colleagues, are synthesized by novel microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition and hot filament chemical vapor deposition techniques using an Ar-rich/CH4 chemistry that produces films with 2-5 nm grains, thus the name UNCD to distinguish them from nanocrystalline diamond films with 10-100 nm grains. The fundamental science underlying the synthesis and properties of the UNCD films will be discussed, as well as the integration with other materials, including the oxides discussed in the first part of the talk, for fabrication of multifunctional devices. The UNCD films exhibit a unique combination of outstanding mechanical, trtibological, chemical, electrical, thermal, and biological properties, which already resulted in industrial components and devices currently commercialized by Advanced Diamond Technologies (company co-founded by O. Auciello and colleagues in 2003, profitable in 2014). Devices and systems reviewed include: a) UNCD-coated mechanical pump seals, providing up to 20% energy cost saving via friction reduction, for the petrochemical, pharmaceutical and car industries (shipping to market); b) UNCD-coated bearings for mixers for the pharmaceutical industry (shipping to Merck-Millipore market); c) new electrically conductive UNCD-coated metal electrodes for water purification system, outperforming all other electrodes in the market today (shipping to market); d) UNCD-based MEMS energy harvesting, biosensors and drug delivery devices; e) New generation of Li-ion batteries (LIBs) with ≥ 10x longer life and safer than current LIBs, using corrosion-resistant UNCD-coated anodes, membranes and inner walls of battery’s cases; f) new generation of medical devices (e.g., artificial retina, Argus II device, marketed by Second Sight, CA, USA, is currently implanted in people blind by retinitits picmentosa, who regain partial vision, dental implants, hips, knees, and more) based on extremely biocompatible/corrosion-resistant UNCD coatings. The R&D work on medical devices is now being done jointly with Dr. Jose Luis Rubio (founder of Rubio Pharma and R&D, Hermosillo-México), to be commercialized by Original Biomedical Implants (OBI)-México, co-founded by Rubio (MD) and Auciello in 2016, and OBI-USA, co-founded by Auciello and Gurman (MD) in the USA in 2013.